Why is China's No. 1 tractor manufacturing factory located in Luoyang? Is it because Luoyang is the four ancient capitals?
After the arduous War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the War of Liberation, we ushered in the establishment of a new China. At that time, after decades of chaotic warfare baptism, the new China was already dying out of the people’s livelihood. At that time, the country’s peasants had just acquired land, and the country’s main productive forces were still dominated by agriculture. So in this historical context, the state decided to include the construction of tractor manufacturing plants in the first five-year plan.
When the country decided to build a tractor manufacturing plant, Harbin, Wuhan, Tianjin, Zhengzhou, etc. all hope to build their site here. However, considering the balance of China's industrial layout and the local production and living environment, the country finally selected the site of the first tractor manufacturing plant in Luoyang. Chairman Mao even said personally that Luoyang could not accommodate a tractor factory in the ancient capital of the thirteenth dynasty. Under Chairman Mao’s decision, the tractor manufacturing plant was finally established in Luoyang.
When Chairman Mao chose the site, Premier Zhou Enlai personally appointed Yang Ligong as the director. When the site and the factory manager are determined, the construction activities in full swing will begin. At that time, in order to support the construction of the first tractor manufacturing plant, not only the technical backbone was selected from all over the country to support Luoyang, but also the Soviet experts were introduced. So for a time in the small city of Luoyang, there were more than 20,000 construction workers, and it was so crowded. The first tractor manufacturer did not bear the responsibility of the country, and completed the establishment of the factory and perfect trial production in just a few years. Therefore, the production line with an annual output of 15,000 sets began mass production, and the tractors it produced were named Dongfanghong, which made great contributions to China's agricultural development.